Mango trees can produce fruit 2 times per year in most climates and up to 3 times in the perfect tropical conditions. If they are grown in a tropical climate with regular water and lots of sunlight they can produce fruit in summer and again in fall. Trees that are mature aged 5-8 years can produce 1 or 2 crops each year.
Trees that are aged above 15-20 years will usually alternate producing fruit one year and not the next.
This article will explore how many times a year mango trees produce fruit, how to get them to produce more flowers and mangoes.
How many times a year mango trees produce fruit
Mango trees will start slowly usually producing one crop in their first year of fruiting. After this they can produce one crop in spring and summer and another crop in fall if the weather remains warm.
The ideal conditions for producing loads of mangoes includes mild and tropical the weather with warm summers, mild winters and regular rainfall. In these conditions the tree can even produce fruit up to 3 times per year.
In tropical areas such as Thailand trees can produce 3 crops per year. In Australia, mango trees can produce 1-2 crops if grown in the northern region. In the USA, plants will produce flowers between Jan-March and will produce mature fruit 5 months later.
In California and Florida trees are most likely to produce one crop but when the weather is warm and the humidity increases the tree can produce flowers again in fall.
Ways to encourage mango trees to grow more fruit
Here are the top ways to encourage your mango tree to grow more fruit.
1. Plant them in full sun
Mangoes need a full sun position to produce as many flowers and fruit as possible. A full sun position of at least 6-8 hours will give you flowers as early as possible. You can get flowers as early as January in the USA if your mango tree is getting full sun.
Mango trees growing in tropical climates can produce another flush of flowers in fall and mature fruit before winter arrives.
2. Give them a boost with citrus fertilizer
Feed your mango tree with citrus or mango fertilizer in late spring. This will increase the potassium to nitrogen ratio and stimulate the plant to produce more blooms.
You can use a higher nitrogen fertilizer at the start of spring, like pelleted chicken manure to help them to add new leaf growth. Avoid adding nitrogen fertilizer when the flower buds appear.
3. Avoid overwatering when the flower buds appear
Once you see flower buds appear on your mango tree slow down your watering. If you live in a tropical region, you can rely on rainfall to keep your tree growing once it is mature.
Surround the tree with mulch to keep moisture in the soil for longer.
4. Don’t chop off the new growth
It is important to avoid over-pruning your mango tree if you want lots of fruit and flowers. Pruning before the flowers set can mean that you will trim off the growth points.
This will stop the tree flowering and give you less or no fruit at all.
Wait until the tree has finished fruiting before you prune any branches off. After the fruit has been picked, remove excess branches to allow good air flow. Leave healthy branches and prune to balance the tree.
How long will it be before my mango produces fruit?
Grafted mango trees will usually take around 5 years to produce fruit. These trees are usually around 3 years old when you buy them so you could be waiting another 2 years before you see flowers and mangoes.
Seedling mango trees usually take around 8 years before they will start to grow flowers and fruit. Planting them in full sun, with well-draining soil will help them to produce flowers and fruit as soon as possible. Surround them with bark or straw mulch to protect their roots and top dress them with compost in spring.
How many fruit will my mango tree grow per year?
Small trees can start with small crop, 6-12 mangoes as the tree grows they can grow over 100 for large, mature trees. We had a mango tree in our backyard that grew around 20 mangoes in one year. The tree was at least 10 years old and got full sun.
These mangoes all ripened at the same time so we gave lots to friends and family. They tasted amazing and can be frozen to be turned into smoothies.
How long does a mango tree produce fruit?
Mango trees can continue to produce fruit for many years once they begin. Mango trees can grow for over 100 years and will still produce fruit.
In their first 10 years, mango trees will produce fruit and flowers every year. In the next 10 years, they will usually produce fruit in alternating years. As the tree gets older it will generally produce less and less fruit.
Top dressing mango trees in spring will give them a boost of nutrients and organic matter to keep them producing well. Mix together a 50:50 mix of compost and aged cow manure. Layer this around the root zone of the tree around 2-3 inches thick.
Cover the top dressing with 2-3 inches of bark, sugar cane or straw mulch. Water it in well and allow the organic matter to flush down to the roots. Soil bacteria and worms will move in and help to mix the organic matter through and aerate the soil.
How many times a year does a mango tree produce fruit? | Summary
Mango trees can produce fruit up to 3 times per year in ideal conditions. Most mango trees will produce fruit 1-2 times per year in their peak fruiting period. Once the tree gets older it can actually stop fruiting every second year. Prune the tree after it has finished fruiting to keep the branches balanced and prevent them from breaking.